The guideline focuses on Waste to Energy (WtE) incineration technology for MSW, mainly household waste and commercial waste, in urban areas of Asian developing countries. The guideline aims to assist decision-makers and policymakers at the national and city levels, residents and other stakeholders who are in search of additional knowledge and information that will help them to form a clear picture of what WtE incineration entails, when considering the potential for introducing WtE incineration technology as an appropriate option for improving waste management.