Most cities in India have insufficient infrastructure and weak institutional capacities for governance. This is especially true for management of city waste streams- especially solid wastes. The city of Pune in India, with its fast growing population and economic activity faces severe problems in terms of solid waste management. Recognizing this aspect, the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and the International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Japan signed a Framework for developing an ISWM Action Plan for Pune. Accordingly, a launch workshop was organized on December 22nd 2006. UNEP-IETC appointed Dr. Prasad Modak to assist PMC to assess the current situation in City of Pune and to develop an ISWM Plan.